Thought Archive

Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Manmade Volcano Eruption

This is the first example of manmade volcanoe eruption, be it mud volcanoe, anyways. Azerbaijan contains half of the world's Mud Volcanoes and Indonesia another half, probably. It's estimated that 300 of the planet's estimated 700 mud volcanoes sit in Eastern Azerbaijan and the Caspian Sea.[6] In 2001 one mud volcano 15 kilometers from Baku made world headlines when it suddenly started spewing flames 15 meters high.[8]. Now, the first scientific report into the causes and impact of Lusi, the Indonesian mud volcano, reveals that the 2006 eruption will continue to erupt and spew out between 7,000 and 150,000 cubic meters of mud a day for months, if not years to come, leaving at least 10 sq km around the volcano vent uninhabitable for years and over 11,000 people permanently displaced.
The paper by a Durham University-led team and published in the February issue of
US journal, GSA Today, reveals that the eruption was almost certainly manmade and caused by the drilling of a nearby exploratory borehole looking for gas, reinforcing the possible explanation in a UN report from July last year.
The mud volcano, known locally as Lusi, has been erupting for 239 days and has continued to spew mud every day, destroying infrastructure, razing four villages and 25 factories. Thirteen people have also died as a result of a rupture in a natural gas pipeline that lay underneath one of the holding dams built to retain the mud. It first erupted on 29 May 2006 in the Porong subdistrict of Sidoarjo in Eastern Java, close to Indonesia's second city of Surabaya.

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